1. Projektname: Islamist attitudes among young Muslims in Germany (English Version)
  2. Untertitel/Art des Pretests: Cognitive Pretest
  3. Auftraggeber: Uni Bielefeld
  4. Stefan Kanis
  5. Projektbeschreibung: Radicalized Islamist attitudes or expressions of opinion do not automatically lead to corresponding violent acts among young people from Islamist socialization milieus. But they contribute to the legitimacy of violent activities, because any violence against other groups is always dependent on such patterns of attitude, which imply a devaluation of foreign groups, which is given by the radicalized Islamist attitudes towards persons of other faiths. The research project "Islamist attitudes among young Muslims in Germany" examines the patterns and social backgrounds, including the actors who promote such legitimation-providing attitudes among adolescents.
    In order to prepare the survey, selected parts of the questionnaire should be subjected to a cognitive pretest under methodological and questionnaire-related aspects and revised based on the test results.
    The questionnaire was developed in German and translated into Turkish and Arabic, among other languages. The aim of the cognitive pretest was to test both the original questionnaire and the translations.
  6. Anzahl Testpersonen: 14
  7. Auswahl und Merkmale der Testpersonen: Students of all types of schools, including vocational schools [Berufsschulen], aged 15-21, who feel that they belong to an Islamic faith.
    In each case, 5 with German language skills, 5 with mainly Turkish language skills, and 4 with (highly) Arabic language skills. 3-4 male participants per language group.
    In addition to these requirements there were no further demands on the sample.
  8. Pretestmodus im Pretest: PAPI
  9. Thema: Religion & Kultur/ Weltanschauungen & Religiosität
  10. Feldzeit des Pretests: 08/2019 - 09/2019
  11. Sonstige Informationen: To test the Turkish and Arabic questionnaires, simultaneous interpreters were to be added to the cognitive interviews via video conference.
    Recruitment took place via a recruitment agency commissioned by Bielefeld University. Recruiting adolescents according to the recruitment criteria proved to be challenging. In particular, no young people were found who only spoke the desired foreign language but not (yet) had a high level of oral and written proficiency in German. Even one participant who had only come to Germany three years ago spoke German at a level that did not require the addition of the planned interpreter. Thus, after consultation with the recruited participants, no interpreters had to be used. While the cognitive interviews could thus all take place in German, the adolescents also answered the questionnaires in Arabic or Turkish.
    Only four Arabic-speaking adolescents could be recruited in total, which is why only four instead of the five planned interviews could take place to review the Arabic questionnaire.
  12. DOI: 10.17173/pretest85
  13. Pretestbericht (Deutsch):
    Pretestbericht (Englisch):
  14. Zitation: Hadler, P., Lenzner, T., Neuert, C., Quint, F. & Steins, P. (2019): Islamist attitudes among young Muslims in Germany (English Version). Cognitive Pretest. GESIS Projektbericht. Version: 1.0. GESIS - Pretestlabor. Text.

Fragenummer Pretestergebnisse Typ Konstrukt
1 How has your relationship with Germans without a migration background developed over the last two years?
[Wie hat sich Ihr Verhältnis zu Deutschen ohne Migrationshintergrund in den letzten zwei Jahren entwickelt?]
Einzelfrage Relationship to persons without migration background
2 Which of the following statements fits you best?
[Welche der folgenden Aussagen passt am besten auf Sie?]
Einzelfrage Identification with religion
3 May I ask you whether you feel you belong to a religious community (e.g. Christianity, Buddhism, Islam etc.) and if so, which one?
[Darf ich Sie fragen, ob Sie sich einer Religionsgemeinschaft (z.B. Christentum, Buddhismus, Islam usw.) zugehörig fühlen und wenn ja, welcher?]
Einzelfrage Religious affiliation
4 Please indicate how much you agree with the following statements.
[Bitte geben Sie an, wie sehr Sie den nachfolgenden Aussagen zustimmen.]
Gesamtskala Willingness to participate in actions/activities
5 Please tick how much you agree with the following statements.
[Bitte kreuzen Sie an, wie sehr Sie den folgenden Aussagen zustimmen.]
Gesamtskala Willingness to sacrifice one's life for religion
6 How strongly do you identify yourself with being Muslim?
[Wie stark identifizieren Sie sich damit, muslimisch zu sein?]
Einzelfrage Identification with religion
7 What do you feel like?
[Als was fühlen Sie sich?]
I feel like a...
[Ich fühle mich als...]
Einzelfrage Religious denomination
8 Please tick how much you agree with the following statements.
[Bitte kreuzen Sie an, wie sehr Sie den folgenden Aussagen zustimmen.]
Gesamtskala Islamist-fundamentalist attitudes
9 Have you ever come across Islamist-Salafist content online (Instagram, Twitter, Facebook, YouTube, etc.)?
[Sind Sie online (Instagram, Twitter, Facebook, YouTube, etc.) schon einmal auf islamistisch-salafistische Inhalte gestoßen?]
Einzelfrage Experience with extremism
10 Please tick how much you agree with the following statements.
[Bitte kreuzen Sie an, wie sehr Sie folgenden Aussagen zustimmen.]
Gesamtskala Extremist attitudes