1. General Information: *Note: The Dari and Arabic translation of the items were tested. These are English translations of the original German source items.*
  2. Question Text: How often do you have the feeling, …
    [Wie oft haben Sie das Gefühl, ...]
  3. Answer Categories

    Very rarely [Sehr selten]

    Rarely [Selten]

    Sometimes [Manchmal]

    Often [Oft]

    Very often [Sehr oft]

    not specified [Keine Angabe]

  4. Findings/Recommendations for Multi-Item Scale:

    1. Cognitive Techniques:information image/link zu cognitive pretesting Category Selection Probing, Comprehension Probing, Specific Probing, Emergent Probing


Item Text Item Tested
…that you miss the company of others? (1) [... dass Ihnen die Gesellschaft anderer fehlt? (1)]
… being on the outside? (2) [... außen vor zu sein? (2)]
…that you are socially isolated? (3) [... dass Sie sozial isoliert sind? (3)]