• Islamist attitudes among young Muslims in Germany (English Version) - Cognitive Pretest
  • Abstract:
    The research project "Islamist attitudes among young Muslims in Germany" examines the patterns and social backgrounds, including the actors who promote such legitimation-providing attitudes among adolescents.
    The subject of this pretest are questions about questions about religious affiliation, identification with religion, Islamist fundamentalist attitudes and experience with extremism.
    The questionnaire was developed in German and translated into Turkish and Arabic, among other languages. The aim of the cognitive pretest was to test both the original questionnaire and the translations.
    The questions were tested via face-to-face cognitive interviews.
    Citation:
    Hadler, P., Lenzner, T., Neuert, C., Quint, F. & Steins, P. (2019): Islamist attitudes among young Muslims in Germany (English Version). Cognitive Pretest. GESIS Project Reports. Version: 1.0. GESIS - Pretestlab. Text.
    DOI:
    http://doi.org/10.17173/pretest85
    Question
    No.
    Pretesting Results Type Construct
    1 How has your relationship with Germans without a migration background developed over the last two years?
    [Wie hat sich Ihr Verhältnis zu Deutschen ohne Migrationshintergrund in den letzten zwei Jahren entwickelt?]
    Single Question Relationship to persons without migration background
    2 Which of the following statements fits you best?
    [Welche der folgenden Aussagen passt am besten auf Sie?]
    Single Question Identification with religion
    3 May I ask you whether you feel you belong to a religious community (e.g. Christianity, Buddhism, Islam etc.) and if so, which one?
    [Darf ich Sie fragen, ob Sie sich einer Religionsgemeinschaft (z.B. Christentum, Buddhismus, Islam usw.) zugehörig fühlen und wenn ja, welcher?]
    Single Question Religious affiliation
    4 Please indicate how much you agree with the following statements.
    [Bitte geben Sie an, wie sehr Sie den nachfolgenden Aussagen zustimmen.]
    Multi-Item Scale Willingness to participate in actions/activities
    5 Please tick how much you agree with the following statements.
    [Bitte kreuzen Sie an, wie sehr Sie den folgenden Aussagen zustimmen.]
    Multi-Item Scale Willingness to sacrifice one's life for religion
    6 How strongly do you identify yourself with being Muslim?
    [Wie stark identifizieren Sie sich damit, muslimisch zu sein?]
    Single Question Identification with religion
    7 What do you feel like?
    [Als was fühlen Sie sich?]
    I feel like a...
    [Ich fühle mich als...]
    Single Question Religious denomination
    8 Please tick how much you agree with the following statements.
    [Bitte kreuzen Sie an, wie sehr Sie den folgenden Aussagen zustimmen.]
    Multi-Item Scale Islamist-fundamentalist attitudes
    9 Have you ever come across Islamist-Salafist content online (Instagram, Twitter, Facebook, YouTube, etc.)?
    [Sind Sie online (Instagram, Twitter, Facebook, YouTube, etc.) schon einmal auf islamistisch-salafistische Inhalte gestoßen?]
    Single Question Experience with extremism
    10 Please tick how much you agree with the following statements.
    [Bitte kreuzen Sie an, wie sehr Sie folgenden Aussagen zustimmen.]
    Multi-Item Scale Extremist attitudes
    Number of Participants:
    14
    Selection of Target Population/Quotas:
    Students of all types of schools, including vocational schools [Berufsschulen], aged 15-21, who feel that they belong to an Islamic faith.
    In each case, 5 with German language skills, 5 with mainly Turkish language skills, and 4 with (highly) Arabic language skills. 3-4 male participants per language group.
    In addition to these requirements there were no further demands on the sample.
    Test Date:
    08/2019 - 09/2019
    Number of cognitive interviewers:
    4
    Pretests conducted in the lab (video-recorded):
    14
    Pretests conducted via phone or externally (audio-recorded):
    -
    Survey mode:
    PAPI
    Pretest mode:
    CAPI
    Procedure:
    The interviews were conducted in the GESIS pretest laboratory. The questions to be tested were presented to the test subjects individually for answering. The cognitive questions were always asked directly after the individual questions (concurrent probing). The Turkish and Arabic speaking test persons received the questionnaire in their own language, were then asked the probes in German and also answered the probes in German.
    Incentive for respondents:
    30 Euro
    Miscellaneous Information:
    To test the Turkish and Arabic questionnaires, simultaneous interpreters were to be added to the cognitive interviews via video conference.
    Recruitment took place via a recruitment agency commissioned by Bielefeld University. Recruiting adolescents according to the recruitment criteria proved to be challenging. In particular, no young people were found who only spoke the desired foreign language but not (yet) had a high level of oral and written proficiency in German. Even one participant who had only come to Germany three years ago spoke German at a level that did not require the addition of the planned interpreter. Thus, after consultation with the recruited participants, no interpreters had to be used. While the cognitive interviews could thus all take place in German, the adolescents also answered the questionnaires in Arabic or Turkish.
    Only four Arabic-speaking adolescents could be recruited in total, which is why only four instead of the five planned interviews could take place to review the Arabic questionnaire.
    Project Description:
    Radicalized Islamist attitudes or expressions of opinion do not automatically lead to corresponding violent acts among young people from Islamist socialization milieus. But they contribute to the legitimacy of violent activities, because any violence against other groups is always dependent on such patterns of attitude, which imply a devaluation of foreign groups, which is given by the radicalized Islamist attitudes towards persons of other faiths. The research project "Islamist attitudes among young Muslims in Germany" examines the patterns and social backgrounds, including the actors who promote such legitimation-providing attitudes among adolescents.
    Client:
    Uni Bielefeld
    Stefan Kanis
  • Pretest Report (German):
    Pretest Report (English):
  • Citation: Hadler, P., Lenzner, T., Neuert, C., Quint, F. & Steins, P. (2019): Islamist attitudes among young Muslims in Germany (English Version). Cognitive Pretest. GESIS Project Reports. Version: 1.0. GESIS - Pretestlab. Text.
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