Pretest-Datenbank

Projektname: German Internet Panel (GIP) – Module “Inflation” November Wave 2014 (English Version)

  1. Allgemeine Informationen: *Note: This/These items was/were tested in German. This/These is/are (an) English translation/s of the original German wording/s.*
  2. Fragetext: Currently, that is in July 2014, a person spends1.500 Euro per month on food and clothes.
    What is your estimate: how much is this person going to spend on the same foods and clothes in July 2015?
    Please assume that neither the person's living conditions nor his or her consumer behavior is going to change, that is, he or she will purchase similar products and services as today.

    [Eine Person bezahlt aktuell, also im Juli 2014, 1.500 Euro pro Monat für Lebensmittel und Kleidung.
    Was schätzen Sie: Wie viel Euro wird diese Person für die gleichen Lebensmittel und die gleiche Kleidung im Juli 2015 bezahlen?
    Gehen Sie bitte davon aus, dass sich weder die Lebensumstände, noch das Konsumverhalten der Person verändern wird, d.h. sie wird in 12 Monaten ähnliche Produkte und Dienstleistungen im gleichen Umfang wie derzeit nutzen.]
  3. Instruktionen: Please choose one answer.
    [Bei dieser Frage können Sie nur eine Antwort geben.]
  4. Antwortkategorien:

    Less than 1500 EUR

    1500 EUR

    1515 EUR

    1530 EUR

    1545 EUR

    1560 EUR

    1575 EUR

    1590 EUR

    1605 EUR

    1620 EUR

    1635 EUR

    1650 EUR or more


    1. Empfehlungen: We recommend to lower the amount of money the person in the example spends on food and clothes and to highlight the instruction that the living conditions are still the same both optically and by modifying the sentence structure a little bit:

      „Eine Person bezahlt aktuell, also im Juli 2014, 500 Euro pro Monat für Lebensmittel und Kleidung.
      Was schätzen Sie: Wie viel Euro wird diese Person für die gleichen Lebensmittel und die gleiche Kleidung im Juli 2015 bezahlen?
      Gehen Sie bitte davon aus, dass sich die Lebensumstände und das Konsumverhalten der Person nicht verändern werden, d.h. sie wird in 12 Monaten ähnliche Produkte und Dienstleistungen im gleichen Umfang wie derzeit nutzen.
      Bei dieser Frage können Sie nur eine Antwort geben.
    1. Umsetzung der Empfehlungen: No
  1. Eingesetzte kognitive Technik/en: General Probing, Category Selection Probing, Specific Probing.
  2. Befund zur Frage: Roughly half of the respondents expect a price rise that matches approximately a 2% rate of inflation (1515 EUR – 1545 EUR), the value also presented as the expectation of the ECB later on. The rest of the answers are widely spread and all of the answer options but “1635 EUR” were selected.

    The replies to the category selection probe (“Could you please explain your answer in a little more detail? Why did you choose this value?”) reveal that the majority of the respondents understand that the topic of this question is inflation. 30% explicitly mention the word inflation (e.g. “Rate of inflation around 2%”, ID 97) and another 56% explain their answer to question 1 with their expectations about the development of prices (e.g. “Because I think that prices for food will continuously rise and the same goes for clothes”, ID 99).

    Around 12% of the respondents state that they have either exclusively or partially thought about changing living conditions or changes in consumer behavior when answering question 1 (e.g. “Prices for clothes might be affected by the summer sale”, ID 116). Hence, these respondents did either not understand, read or follow the instruction in this question (which specifically states that the living conditions of the person do not change).

    Moreover, some participants expressed (here and also at later stages of the survey) that the amount of 1.500 EUR the person in the example pays for food and clothes is far too high, inappropriate or unrealistic (e.g. “I don’t have that much money to my disposal in total, let alone only for food/clothes”, ID 155).

    20 participants (19%) responded to the probing question how easy it was for them to answer question 1 with “rather difficult“. The reasons they provide for their difficulties are:
    • a lack of background information (e.g. “Because normally you would have to consider a lot more aspects”, ID 95),
    • a lack of knowledge or interest in the topic of the question (e.g. “I’m not an economist. Also, I haven’t thought about this topic before“, ID 120), or
    • the fact that they have to answer the question with a specific number (e.g. “I know for sure the prices are rising continuously, but I don’t know at which percentage/year”, ID 155).
  1. Thema der Frage: Other Topics
  2. Konstrukt: Expected change of costs due to inflation